Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was born January 18,1856, in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania. He was the first African American to become a member of the American College of Surgeons. In 1895 he co-founded the National Medical Association for African American doctors. Williams also performed the first successful pericardium surgeries (open heart) in the United States of America. He also founded Provident Hospital in 1893, which was the first non-segregated hospital in the United States of America. Provident Hospital was also a medical training school, which trained African American nurses and doctors of all races.