Dorothy Heights was born March 24, 1912, in Richmond Virginia. She was an educator, civil rights activist, and women rights activist. She focused on issues involving African American women, including unemployment, voter awareness, and illiteracy. Heights spent 40 years as the president of the National Council of Negro Women. In 1994, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004. Heights died April 20, 2010, in Washington, D.C.