Today in 1921, Georgianna R. Simpson became one of three African American women to first receive a PhD. Simpson, a Washington D.C. native, earned her degree in German philology from the University of Chicago. In June 1921, Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander and Eva Beatrice Dykes also received their PhD. Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander became the first African American woman to receive a PhD in Economics. Eva Beatrice Dykes became the first African American woman to fulfill the requirements for a doctoral degree in the United States of America.